One of the most important ways in which Islamic ethics can contribute to corporate governance would be to have Shariah governance committee as a supervisory committee. Islam places great importance in the belief that the soul gives life to a human body. Another reason for studying ethics is that the law of the land in an ethically consistent society draws heavily from its commonly accepted responses to ethical issues. Every religion functions as a guide for the behavior of the members of some religious community. A lot of what most people think they know about Islam is found in the media, where tales of fundamentalism and violence are the norm. by . This faculty most crucially involves reflecting over the meaning of existence. There are those who show their lack of interest in Islamic ethics because they believe it is going to be another course of Islamic Studies. 3. All Rights Reserved. If there is no encouragement offered anywhere to morally correct behaviour, such behaviour should not be the worry of any one but the most irrational people. Basic human moral and Islamic moral 2. People do tend to patronize those businessmen who are known for their honesty and trustworthiness. Dr Khalid Zaheer is an Islamic scholar having a Ph.D. from the University of Wales. He studied religion and Quran from Dr. Israr Ahmed, Mawlana Amin Ahsan Islahi, and Javed Ahmed Ghamdi. 1:29. Business Ethics. This paper aims to offer analytical study of Islamic ethics based on the Qur‟an and Sunnnah. The message of Islam requires the believers to behave ethically in all areas of human activity. The poets who used to be proud of their literary excellence were, however, unable to respond to the call. It was made obligatory upon all the prophets and for all peoples. The believer’s entire life is dominated by his obsession to gain a place of eternal pleasure and satisfaction in the life to come. Islam has given great importance to the process of seeking knowledge. Many critics would, however, disapprove the suggestion that life Hereafter is a morally acceptable motivating factor on the grounds that it sounds selfish. The supervisory committee should be considered as one which work not just to represent the stakeholders but as a guide for the company itself. Both business and ethics are interrelated. No collectivity can afford to allow some of its members to follow one course of action in collective affairs and others some other. – Some have understood Shariah to be a political system, while others have understood it be an ideology or simply a way of life. It is always, therefore, useful to have an ethically sensitive business environment to enable the individual businesses to grow in making the most out of the business opportunities. Hadith is the sayings of Prophet MUHAMAMD PBUH and for Muslims this is something very precious. If the doer is unable to get even a feeling of satisfaction on doing an act of virtue, is it possible that he would still keep doing it? The process of change is met with varying degrees of resistance. It is being reproduced in this journal since it deals with many important issues. It means also what is due to each thing, what gives reality to a thing, what makes a thing be true. Next comes in the line of understanding the Importance of Ethics in Research is to protect and safeguard the research information that is gathered through the primary and secondary sources and resources. Law is essential, but, the real significance belongs to ethics. Like any other discipline, Islamic ethics calls for a certain minimum degree of interest of participants for the course to be useful for them. Selfishness is a this-worldly concept, whereas a desire for a reward after life is a that-worldly motive. The question of practical significance is regarding the identification of the methodology and the sources that enable an individual and a collectivity to decide what is ethical and what is not? Besides on these two primary sources, Prof. Hassan premised the concept of wasatiyyah on three key values of Islam; iman (belief), `ilm (knowledge) and taqwa (compliance to divine guidance). Dr. Khalid Zaheer has taught courses on Islamic ethics, traditions and economics etc. What was ethically bad yesterday can be made to appear not so bad today and perfectly acceptable tomorrow. No genius can be claimed to have demonstrated the same degree of remarkable consistency. To claim one thing and to act otherwise is indeed not an ethically sound behaviour. The Bible led me to Islam. Islamic Work Ethics are parallel to the concept of ethics that are derived from the Quran and Sunnah with provides ideological foundation for a variety of individual attribute that promote economic development. The first part describes the reasons why ethics should be studied. Similar to Greek ethics, these philosophers dealt The collectivity to which one belongs expects a certain standard behaviour from its members. The importance of ethics and its place in Islam v. The tasks of Islamic ethics 3. b) Contemporary approaches to Ethics i. The meaning of ethics is defined as the set of moral principles that people can distinguish between what is right and what is wrong. It is only going to help them in understanding the Islamic way of looking at the problems of the world. This website is for people of various faiths who seek to understand Islam and Muslims. Download >> The Bible led me to Islam. It is the same very quality which was highlighted by Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in the Last Sermon as the only trait of superiority of a Muslim over another. If they are not going to be properly guided to be careful about interests of others while pursuing their self interest, the result will be a net loss to the society. • Shariah is understood as God’s Will but the fiqh (jurisprudence) is the product of the human attempt to understand God’s Will. Secular methodology, on the contrary, is always changing not just in details of behavioural pattern but in the principles behind that behaviour as well. Here CREST researcher Kim Knott sets out the basic norms of Islamic practice for most of the world’s 1.6 billion Muslims – the five pillars – and sets them in their proper context.. Business Ethics in Islam . The foremost amongst those who are agents of change are the philosophers. The Quran, however, has been vowed to remain fully preserved for all times to come (15:9). New articles are added every week. Islamic theological discourses often emphasize that selfishness, egoism, cowardice, ignorance and apathy are the major reasons why people fail to … The motive of getting an abode of peace in the life Hereafter can in no way be described as material, selfish, or mundane. They are also common for Muslims and non-Muslims without distinction between colors, races or languages. Or, it can see the business as a person in its own right. People are motivated by different factors. The importance of the prayer in Islam cannot be understated. The very people who turned into his enemies and who did every thing within their means to refute his claim never had the occasion to respond to the challenge of the book that if they wanted to prove that it was not from God, they should bring a message equal to it in literary richness (2:23). It is in the backdrop of this moral popularity that a prophet begins his mission. The final section explains the reasons why prophethood is the most reliable source of deciding about ethical questions. The author in this article has attempted to answer the queries of those who do not appreciate the idea of studying a course on Islamic ethics in an academic programme focusing on business or business-related studies. See, for instance, Deuteronomy 18: 17-19 and John 1: 19-25. God loves his servants and does not allow people to insult or mock each other .Therefore ,in verse 11of Sura Al-hujraat says:"O believers let not any people scoff at another people who may be better than they; neither let women scoff at women who may be better than themselves. Corruption will creep in and the ensuing chaos and unrest may deny even the successful businessmen the real, long-term benefits from gains that they may have made in their businesses. They prescribe compassion, tolerance, leniency, benevolence and hospitability over and above the basic universal values. Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. This view gives special characteristics and features for human rights in Islam. Here are some of the reasons that explain why ethics is so important to any business. * From an Islamic point of view, ethics is related to several Arabic terms. In the former period, he lived as a very noble man not known at all for taking interest in intellectual pursuits or academic activities of his times. Ethics will also enhance professionalism in the tourism research process. The importance of ethics to tourism research is that is gives guidance on how the research should be conducted. against any particular group of people. In the case of many prophets, the earlier prophets had paved the way for their mission by prophesying their arrival beforehand. He/she must not only be morally healthy, but must also contribute to the moral health of society as a whole. Ethics in Law Enforcement. Ethically good behaviour is, in other words, an end in itself. The Qur'an explicitly states that animals can be used for human benefit. The Rowan University website explains that the study of ethics is important because it allows humans to distinguish moral values from other types of values in their everyday lives. An evil name is ungodliness after belief. From the Islamic perspective, Quran and Sunnah (hadith) highlighted all of the ethical values and moral issues in all aspects of a Muslims life. The place of morality in Islam and its relation to worship. In the opinion of others, even the ideal of pleasing Allah does not appear particularly impressive. All other objectives that motivate ethical behaviour are below the ideal of true altruism. That, however, may not always be the case. Why Prophethood? If believers in a message that lays claim to have come from God Almighty to guide humanity at large on the right behaviour choose to study principles of right conduct from other sources, it makes neither logical nor ethical sense. 4. Why Study Ethics? This article is divided into five parts. On the other hand, if ethically guided behaviour is to find encouragement, only then it should be considered worthy of being followed. Oct 2, 2016 12306 0 Comments By: Sherif Zahran. Business ethics is a normative discipline. (Surah Taha, 20: 132) Such shifting attitudes do not inspire the confidence of those who would like to carry out their activities free from doubts. Almighty Allah Himself has cited them in the Noble Quran. At the religious level, there are two motivating forces — both originating from the same source: belief in Allah. If on the other hand, these are legitimate objectives without which an individual should not be expected to be compelled to do good deeds, then the other non-worldly objectives should also be considered worthy of being acknowledged as acceptable. The commonly presented logic for the purpose is that whereas studying Islamic ethics is likely to be divisive, studying principles of ethics at a secular level is likely to be integrative. Now we will discuss these five pillars of Islam in detail about their importance, benefits and how they affect the Muslim’s life. All citizens are therefore required to follow the law of the land no matter whether they agree with it or not. The first and most important source is the Qur'an [commonly misspelled Koran]. They tend to challenge the very basis of the traditional ethical positions. Thus unlike the gradual-development pattern of the geniuses, in his case we find a sudden-eminence-and-consistency pattern which remains to this day inexplicable except by the fact that what he taught was the result of the Divine Revelation he received. These comments, however, do not deserve much attention for they are made in disregard to the understanding of both Islam and ethics. One of the arguments to support the idea of Hereafter-based action is that, in the absence of a life after death, morally correct behaviour would seem inconsistent with the general mood of the creation. For an ethical principle to get legal cover, it is important that, in a democracy, the majority of the parliamentarians should not fear it to be threatening their vested interests. A more orthodox society would show a tendency to stick to the traditions of the forefathers tenaciously. An act of worship must obey these two circumstances: Firstly, it must conform to the orders of Allah’s Law as found in the Quran and Sunnah. He lives amongst the people whom he immediately communicates the message of God. In Arabic, the basic term for right is “haqq”, which is first of all a name of … What qualifies as business ethics in history has changed over time and the different areas of ethics are important to every business. Why Should an Individual be Ethical? Those who believe in the prophets very strongly claim that on reading the message, they get that feeling of confidence which is quite often referred to as faith. The general business ethics including ethics of human resource management, ethics of sales and marketing, ethics of production, and ethics of intellectual property, knowledge and. According to Pollock, ethics is the study and examination of what constitutes good or bad conduct. Also, to make the subject matter easier for those who are familiar with Arabic, we have included Arabic terms along with their English versions. The final pillar of Islam, Hajj is a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca, where Muslims visit the Kaaba, the religion's most holy site, and perform special rites. 1. Islamic ethics is a code of conduct that calls for humankind to undertake a continuous process of self-purification, in thought, feelings and emotions (tazkya nafs); in social interactions through intentions and deeds that benefit other human beings as well as other creations of God; in using the resources that God has given him in a wise manner; and in … At a secular level, there are many who consider virtue to be its own reward. Thus, it is primarily on the question of one’s confidence in the truthfulness of the concept of that life that one’s behaviour would depend. Why should it be considered as selfish in this life? at various top national institutions, including the Aga Khan University, LUMS and University of Central Punjab. This website is for people of various faiths who seek to understand Islam and Muslims. He further elaborates that ethics is the classification of specific behaviours as right or wrong within a person’s personal of professional life (Pollock, 2010). All traditions and suggestions of common sense are — or ought to be — in line with the teachings of the prophets. Islam is a religion that provides a complete way of living through its ethical standards and values provided in the Holy Quran. Of course all of us want businesses to be fair, clean and beneficial to the society. The relationship between ethics and religion ii. Although in a religious society a personality may start getting acknowledged by new generations as a prophet on account of traditional reverence enjoyed by him, there are several reasons why it is only logical to grant the genuine messengers of God the status they claim to enjoy. (2) Man is a responsible, dignified, and honorable agent of his Creator. Morality generally refers to a code of conduct, that an individual, group or society hold as authoritative, in distinguishing right from wrong. People possessing Taqwa are blessed with Divine guidance. (Editor) This article is divided into five parts. We then turn to the interpretation of Islamic scholars, who are well-versed in the Quran and Sunnah. If he does not prefer Islamic ethics, he is undermining his claim to being a Muslim. BCcampus, BC Open Textbook Project, 2015 they state, “We instinctively know that it is good to be moral and act with integrity, but by coming to an understanding of the reasons for morality and integrity, we will be motivated to champion such behaviour.” I believe ethics is important in our everyday lives. Business ethics can examine the actions of particular people within a business (for instance the CEO). IT manager of a credit card company is being involved into ethical dilemma. The other important motivating force for the believer is the desire to get rewarded by the Almighty, not in this world but, in the Hereafter. A third reason why business ethics deserves attention is that the study enables the individuals to become better human beings even when approaching such ‘mundane’ activities as profit making. A central aspect of ethics is "the good life", the life worth living or life that is simply satisfying, which is held by many philosophers to be more important than traditional moral conduct. 1:29. Business Ethics. There are 5 aspects of Wasatiyyah included worship, constancy and flexibility, here and hereafter. Dr Khalid Zaheer is an Islamic scholar having a Ph.D. from the University of Wales. Based on unalterable message of the Quran and Sunnah, the message of Islam provides a stable foundation for ethical behaviour to be inferred from for all times to come. The fundamental ethics of Islam is derived from the divine (prophecy), namely the Qur’an and al-Hadith. ... 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